# Integer Parameter Macro (Custom Operators)

## Synopsis

This operator can be used to define a macro which can be used by %{macro_name} in parameter values of succeeding operators of the current process. The value will be an integer. This is useful for process-defined custom operators, where the custom parameter will also have the min and max defined in this operator.

## Description

This operator can be used to define a macro which can be used in parameter values of succeeding operators of the current process. Once the macro has been defined, the value of that macro can be used as parameter values in coming operators by writing the macro name in %{macro_name} format in the parameter value where 'macro_name' is the name of the macro specified when the macro was defined. The macro name is specified by the macro parameter and the macro value is an integer. The macro will be replaced in the value strings of parameters by the macro's value. This operator can also be used to re-define an existing macro.

The purpose of this operator is mainly to assist in creating process-defined custom operators. When selecting the value parameter of this operator for the custom operator, the process can make decisions based on the integer.

This operator sets the value of a macro irrespective of any ExampleSet. That is why this operator can also exist on its own i.e. without being connected to any other operator. If you want to create a single macro from properties of a given input ExampleSet, the Extract Macro operator is the right operator.

Macros

A macro can be considered as a value that can be used by all operators of the current process that come after the macro has been defined. Whenever using macros, make sure that the operators are in the correct sequence. It is compulsory that the macro should be defined before it can be used in parameter values. The macro is one of the advanced topics of RapidMiner, please study the attached Example Process to develop a better understanding of macros. The Example Processes of the Extract Macro operator are also useful for understanding the concepts related to the macros.

There are also some predefined macros:

• %{process_name}: will be replaced by the name of the process (without path and extension)
• %{process_file}: will be replaced by the file name of the process (with extension)
• %{process_path}: will be replaced by the complete absolute path of the process file
• Several other short macros also exist, e.g. %{a} for the number of times the current operator was applied.

Please note that other operators like many of the loop operators (e.g. Loop Values , Loop Attributes) also add specific macros.

During the runtime the defined macros can be observed in the macro viewer.

## Differentiation

### Set Macro

The Integer Parameter Macro operator is like the Set Macro operator with only one difference. The Set Macro operator can be used for setting arbitrary String values while the Integer Parameter Macro operator can only set the value to an integer.

## Input

• through (Data Table)

It is not compulsory to connect any object with this port. Any object connected at this port is delivered without any modifications to the output port. This operator can have multiple inputs. When one input is connected, another through input port becomes available which is ready to accept another input (if any). The order of inputs remains the same. The object supplied at the first through input port of this operator is available at the first through output port.

## Output

• through (Data Table)

Objects that were given as input are passed without changing to the output through this port. It is not compulsory to attach this port to any other port, the macro value is set even if this port is left without connections. This operator can have multiple outputs. When one output is connected, another through output port becomes available which is ready to deliver another output (if any). The order of outputs remains the same. The object delivered at the first through input port of this operator is delivered at the first through output port

## Parameters

• macroThis parameter is used to specify the name of the macro. The macro can be accessed in succeeding operators of the current process by writing the macro's name in %{macro_name} format, where 'macro_name' is the name of the macro specified in this parameter. Range:
• valueThis parameter is used to specify the integer value of the macro. When the macro is accessed in succeeding operators of the current process by writing the macro's name in %{macro_name} format, it is replaced by the value of the macro specified by this parameter. Range: integer
• minThis parameter is used to specify the minimum of the custom integer parameter when the value parameter is used in custom operators. If no value is defined for this parameter there is no lower bound for the custom parameter. Range: integer
• maxThis parameter is used to specify the maximum of the custom integer parameter when the value parameter is used in custom operators. If no value is defined for this parameter there is no upper bound for the custom parameter. Range: integer